" /> Truth Value - Essay Writing Pros

Truth Value

truth value of the new proposition is always determined by the truth value of the original propositions. For this reason, these connectives are called truth- functional connectives. (Of course, with negation, we start with a single proposi- tion, so there are not really two things to connect.) For example, suppose that “A” and “B” are two true propositions and “G” and “H” are two false propo- sitions. We can then determine the truth values of more complex propositions built from them using conjunction, disjunction, and negation. Sometimes the correct assignment is obvious at a glance:

A & B True A & G False ~A False ~G True A H True G H False ~A & G False

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Truth Value
Just from $13/Page
Order Essay

As noted earlier, parentheses can be used to distinguish groupings. Some- times the placement of parentheses can make an important difference, as in the following two expressions:

~A & G

~(A & G)

Notice that in one expression the negation symbol applies only to the propo- sition “A,” whereas in the other expression it applies to the entire proposition “A & G.” Thus, the first expression above is false, and the second expression is true. Only the second expression can be translated as “Not both A and G.” Both of these expressions are different from “~A & ~G,” which means “Nei- ther A nor G.”

As expressions become more complex, we reach a point where it is no longer obvious how the truth values of the component propositions determine the truth value of the entire proposition. Here a regular procedure is helpful. The easiest method is to fill in the truth values of the basic propositions and then, step-by-step, make assignments progressively wider, going from the in- side out. For example:

~((A G) & ~(~H & B))

~((T F) & ~(~F & T))

~((T F) & ~(T & T))

~(T & ~(T))

~(T & F)



With a little practice, you can master this technique in dealing with other very complex examples.

Essay Writing Pros
Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Work with Us

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

Our writers have been trained on how to handle papers placed by our clients. The writer must read and understand before embarking on writing the papers. In case of any issue that needs clarification, writers are encouraged to ask the client or support.

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

Our team comprises of the best writers and editors. We do thorough vetting during recruitment to make sure that our writers have the knowledge and experience we aspire in the team.

Free Unlimited Revisions

Our aim is to give the client the best outcome. If for some reason you are not satisfied with the wok done, you can ask the paper to be revised or rewritten. This will be done to your satisfaction with no extra charges.

Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

We have writers who work round the clock. This helps in making sure that all our clients’ papers are delivered on time. If we have issues with the deadline, we will ask for extension. If its not possible, the money is fully refunded.

Original & Confidential

Our clients’ confidentiality is highly respected. We can never disclose our clients’ details to third parties. In the same regard, we strive to give our clients 100% original papers. We do not tolerate plagiarism from our writers.

24/7 Customer Support

Clients can reach us any time of the day, and any day of the week. There is a live chat, email or phone numbers to help in ease of communication.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

You should never be worried about your papers even in the middle of the night. Our team will work round the clock to deliver.


Essay Writing Service

We have an able team that can deliver your work in the shortest time possible. The academic level or the type of work should never be a hindrance. Our highly competent support team is always around (24/7) to give you any assistance you may need.


Admission Essays & Business Writing Help

Do you need to be admitted in your dream institution but find it challenging to write an admission essay? Our team is in a position to write the best letter that will guarantee you an admission. We do as well write the best business proposals and reports.


Editing Support

Writing can be fun and enjoyable when everything has been done right. Writing is not just enough without proper editing and proofreading. We have a team of editors that ensure everything falls in place, whether its issues to do with grammar or referencing styles.


Revision Support

Once the paper has been done and submitted, that is not the end of it. You can always ask for amendment or improvement if you feel something has not been done right. Our team of writers and editors will gladly assist you to your satisfaction. Revision is free of charge.